Library Catalog - Kentucky Historical Society

Archive Record

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Collection Churchill Weavers Collection
Catalog Number 2007.45.Box 31-902
Object Name Scarf, Neck
Other number 15814-15819
Creator Churchill Weavers
Other Creators Churchill Weavers staff
Date 1957-1958
Scope & Content Box 31-902 contains 3 sales samples, 2 stoles, 6 scarves, and 1 yarn card. The style numbers represented by the textiles in this box are 15814, 15815, 15816, 15817, 15818, and 15819. All samples, but style 15819, are woven in loose plain weave structures of wool yarns. The weave structures, patterns, and colors vary. The sales samples have multiple swatches attached that represent pattern colors for products in that style. The descriptions are the following:

There is one sales sample in style 15814. These swatches are long scraps of fabric in which each one shows a single weft color and then three warp colors in three equal bands. The pattern numbers are 5, 8, 12, 10, 16, 17, and 35.

Two stoles are in style 15815. Theses stoles are a solid color and have three unwoven panels on each short-end. One is white and the other is pink.

There are two scarves and one yarn card for style 15816. The scarves are woven in red warp and weft yarns and feature accents of white rayon slubbed yarns. The pattern number is 5. The yarn card has yarn samples in wool and rayon of the varying pattern colors for this style.

There are two scarves in style 15817. The pattern on each is comprised of lengthwise and widthwise stripes that cross at short ends to create a plaid effect. The pattern numbers are 16 and 17.
One scarf and one sales sample are in style 15818. The pattern on the scarf and each swatch is comprised of two lengthwise and three widthwise stripes that cross through repeated squares. The pattern numbers are 1, 2, 5, and 60.

There is one sales sample and one scarf in style 15819. The swatches and scarf are woven in balanced twill weave structures and the pattern on each is comprised of three lengthwise and three widthwise stripes that cross to create a plaid effect. The pattern numbers are 5, 11, 12, 15, 17, and 18.
System of arrangement The Sample Collection is organized into various 'series.' The term series may have been applied to this collection when Churchill Weavers hired an archivist in 2002 to process its archive. A copy of the Guide to the Weaving Archive produced by Virginia Daley, project archivist, accompanies the collection. This guide indicates that the bulk of the textile samples are arranged into the following series: Year-Box Series, Cloth Number Series, Early Style Number Series and Master Sample Series. The original arrangement of the boxes was kept during the processing of the weaving samples at the Kentucky Historical Society. The original Churchill Weavers numbers are written on the box labels along with the new box numbers.

The Cloth Number Series was the earliest form of numbering weaving fabrics. Woven fabrics were assigned cloth numbers regardless of the final product (yardage, throws, scarves, etc.) In the early cloth number scheme, different cloth numbers would be assigned to exact fabric that different only in color. Later, single cloth numbers reflect not only a wide range of variant patterns and colors but also variations in the weave caused by different yarns. These Cloth Numbers run from 1 up to 399. The cloth/style number scheme runs from about 400 to 999. These early style numbers reflect a number assigned to a final product and often refer to the cloth number as the type of fabric used.

Around 1933 Churchill Weavers started a coded style number scheme to indicate the type of product, the year created, and the number of products in that line. The coded system is the primary organizing principle behind the Master Sample Series. Churchill Weavers began with four digit style numbers and then later incorporated five digits to clarify the dating on items produced. The first digit in the style number identifies the type of product, 1xxxx refers to scarves, 2xxxx bags, 3xxxx baby blankets, 4xxxx throws, 5xxxx stoles, 6xxxx yardage, 7xxxx cravats, 8xxxx ready-to-wear, and 9xxxx is linens. The date can be determined by the second and third digits. If the number is 35476, the baby blanket was designed in 1954. The last digit identifies the number within that product line, i.e. the baby blanket was 76th in that 1954 line. Experimentals in the collection incorporate a letter as the second digit, for example, 3D59. This can be confusing as experimentals through to 1938, x0xx, have a '0' in the second digit.

The second largest series is the Year-Box Series, which is arranged chronologically by year and there under by box number. The format is like 1932-5. The sequence of boxes within a specific year generally reflects the style numbering sequence, i.e. the scarves (1xxx) will be in the earlier boxes and the cravat yardage (7xxx) will be in the latter boxes of any given year.
In each series, there are boxes labeled as "Outside Purchases" and "Unidentified" objects. Materials of a particular product type, for example, outside purchased scarves, are grouped under the 1xxxxs series of scarves.

Outside Purchases refer to items not made by Churchill Weavers, but were acquired because of their similarity or "potential applicability to Churchill lines." Unidentified items are items that Ms. Daley could not find style numbers for during her archival project.
People Bellando, Lila
Bellando, Richard
Churchill, David Carroll
Churchill, Eleanor Franzen
Subjects Clothing & dress
Clothing industry
Fashion
Neckwear
Neckwear industry
Scarves
Textile art
Textile industry
Textiles
Weaving
Search Terms Appalachian Region
Berea (Ky.)
Churchill Weavers
Madison County (Ky.)
Containers Scarf
Sample, Sales
Sample, Sales
Scarf
Scarf
Stole
Stole
Sample, Sales
Scarf
Scarf
Card, Sample