Library Catalog - Kentucky Historical Society

Archive Record

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Collection Churchill Weavers Collection
Catalog Number 2007.45.Box 31-2050
Object Name Swatch
Other number 6939
Creator Churchill Weavers staff
Other Creators Churchill Weavers staff
Date 1939
Scope & Content Box 31-2050 contains 101 textile swatches of wool yarns. The style number represented by the textiles is 6939 (experimental number 6X70). There are two types of pattern numbers represented: all examples of the two-digit system are in a balanced twill weave structure with either a single warp color or two alternating warp colors. Pattern numbers consist of the first digit representing the warp color and the second digit representing the weft color. Warps colors are as follows: 9 (burnt umber and dark brown) and 10 (black and a blended white/gray. The weft colors are: 1 (heather gray), 2 (heather red), 3 (dark green), 4 (light gray/brown), 5 (pear green), 6 (heather copper), 7 (red-violet), 8 (golden yellow), 9 (black), 10 (burnt orange), 11 (blue), 12, (navy blue), 13 (red ochre), 14 (evergreen), 15 (brown), 16 (medium blue), 17 (dark brown), 18 (heather pale brown), 19 (light blue), and 20 (pale brown). The second numbering system are in a herringbone weave structure. This number consists of a letter representing the warp color and a number representing the weft color. Patterns I and J are in a twill weave in an M and W pattern. The warp colors are: A (navy blue), B (navy blue and blue), C (pear green and dark green), D (pear green and white/brown), E (evergreen and pale brown), F (golden yellow), G (burnt sienna and red), H (dark green and white/brown), I (burnt umber and dark brown), and J (black and white/gray). The weft colors are: 1 (pear green), 2 (peach), 3 (light blue), 4 (red-violet), 5 (black), 6 (white/gray), 7 (dark red-violet), 8(dark green), 9 (golden yellow), 10 (deep pink), 11 (heather gray), and 12 (white).
System of arrangement The Sample Collection is organized into various 'series.' The term series may have been applied to this collection when Churchill Weavers hired an archivist in 2002 to process its archive. A copy of the Guide to the Weaving Archive produced by Virginia Daley, project archivist, accompanies the collection. This guide indicates that the bulk of the textile samples are arranged into the following series: Year-Box Series, Cloth Number Series, Early Style Number Series and Master Sample Series. The original arrangement of the boxes was kept during the processing of the weaving samples at the Kentucky Historical Society. The original Churchill Weavers numbers are written on the box labels along with the new box numbers.

The Cloth Number Series was the earliest form of numbering weaving fabrics. Woven fabrics were assigned cloth numbers regardless of the final product (yardage, throws, scarves, etc.) In the early cloth number scheme, different cloth numbers would be assigned to exact fabric that different only in color. Later, single cloth numbers reflect not only a wide range of variant patterns and colors but also variations in the weave caused by different yarns. These Cloth Numbers run from 1 up to 399. The cloth/style number scheme runs from about 400 to 999. These early style numbers reflect a number assigned to a final product and often refer to the cloth number as the type of fabric used.

Around 1933 Churchill Weavers started a coded style number scheme to indicate the type of product, the year created, and the number of products in that line. The coded system is the primary organizing principle behind the Master Sample Series. Churchill Weavers began with four digit style numbers and then later incorporated five digits to clarify the dating on items produced. The first digit in the style number identifies the type of product, 1xxxx refers to scarves, 2xxxx bags, 3xxxx baby blankets, 4xxxx throws, 5xxxx stoles, 6xxxx yardage, 7xxxx cravats, 8xxxx ready-to-wear, and 9xxxx is linens. The date can be determined by the second and third digits. If the number is 35476, the baby blanket was designed in 1954. The last digit identifies the number within that product line, i.e. the baby blanket was 76th in that 1954 line. Experimentals in the collection incorporate a letter as the second digit, for example, 3D59. This can be confusing as experimentals through to 1938, x0xx, have a '0' in the second digit.

The second largest series is the Year-Box Series, which is arranged chronologically by year and there under by box number. The format is like 1932-5. The sequence of boxes within a specific year generally reflects the style numbering sequence, i.e. the scarves (1xxx) will be in the earlier boxes and the cravat yardage (7xxx) will be in the latter boxes of any given year.
In each series, there are boxes labeled as "Outside Purchases" and "Unidentified" objects. Materials of a particular product type, for example, outside purchased scarves, are grouped under the 1xxxxs series of scarves.

Outside Purchases refer to items not made by Churchill Weavers, but were acquired because of their similarity or "potential applicability to Churchill lines." Unidentified items are items that Ms. Daley could not find style numbers for during her archival project.
People Bellando, Lila
Bellando, Richard
Churchill, David Carroll
Churchill, Eleanor Franzen
Subjects Coats
Textile art
Textile industry
Textiles
Weaving
Search Terms Appalachian Region
Berea (Ky.)
Churchill Weavers
Madison County (Ky.)
Containers Swatch
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