Library Catalog - Kentucky Historical Society

Archive Record

  • Email This Page
  • Send Feedback
Collection Churchill Weavers Collection
Catalog Number 2007.45.Box 31-2248
Object Name Placemat
Other number 9053-9109
Creator Churchill Weavers
Other Creators Churchill Weavers staff
Date 1940-1941
Scope & Content Box 31-2248 contains 46 textiles, includes 32 placemats, 10 napkins, 2 table runners, 1 necktie, and 1 material sample. The style numbers represented are 9053, 9060, 9061, 9062, 9064, 9066, 9101, 9102, 9103, 9104, 9105, 9106, 9108, and 9109. Style 9053 includes 1 necktie in a plain weave of burnt sienna blended wool and silk yarns accented with diagonal stripes of black 3/1 twill stripes. Style 9060 includes 4 placemats in a plain weave of cotton warps and linen wefts in white with a warp stripe pattern. Style 9061 includes 4 placemats in a four-fold basket weave structure accented with vertical stripes of balanced twill. Style 9062 includes 4 placemats in a plain weave structure accented with vertical stripes of tabby and diamond twill of thick cotton yarns. Style 9064 includes 1 table runner, 3 placemats and 2 napkins in a plain weave structure accented with 1/3 and 3/1 twill weave stripes of linen and cotton. Style 9066 includes 1 table runner, 1 placemat, and 3 napkins in a plain weave structure of fine virgin wool yarns, with a warp stripe pattern accented with rayon-interlaced pinstripes. Style 9101 includes 1 placemat in a loose plain weave of linen yarns with ombré wefts. Style 9102 includes 3 placemats in a plain weave structure accented by basket weave stripes of linen. Style 9103 includes 3 placemats in a plain weave of linen yarns. Style 9104 includes 4 placemats in a Summer and Winter weave of linen and cotton. Style 9105 includes 1 placemat in a loose plain weave of cream linen with open lace weave side borders. Style 9106 includes 3 placemats in a plain weave of linen with Summer and Winter borders in cotton. Style 9108 includes 3 napkins and 1 placemat in a plain weave structure of linen yarns accented with a turned monk's belt side border of cotton warp yarns. Style 9109 includes 2 napkins in a plain weave of linen and cotton with huckaback borders.
System of arrangement The Sample Collection is organized into various 'series.' The term series may have been applied to this collection when Churchill Weavers hired an archivist in 2002 to process its archive. A copy of the Guide to the Weaving Archive produced by Virginia Daley, project archivist, accompanies the collection. This guide indicates that the bulk of the textile samples are arranged into the following series: Year-Box Series, Cloth Number Series, Early Style Number Series and Master Sample Series. The original arrangement of the boxes was kept during the processing of the weaving samples at the Kentucky Historical Society. The original Churchill Weavers numbers are written on the box labels along with the new box numbers.

The Cloth Number Series was the earliest form of numbering weaving fabrics. Woven fabrics were assigned cloth numbers regardless of the final product (yardage, throws, scarves, etc.) In the early cloth number scheme, different cloth numbers would be assigned to exact fabric that different only in color. Later, single cloth numbers reflect not only a wide range of variant patterns and colors but also variations in the weave caused by different yarns. These Cloth Numbers run from 1 up to 399. The cloth/style number scheme runs from about 400 to 999. These early style numbers reflect a number assigned to a final product and often refer to the cloth number as the type of fabric used.

Around 1933 Churchill Weavers started a coded style number scheme to indicate the type of product, the year created, and the number of products in that line. The coded system is the primary organizing principle behind the Master Sample Series. Churchill Weavers began with four digit style numbers and then later incorporated five digits to clarify the dating on items produced. The first digit in the style number identifies the type of product, 1xxxx refers to scarves, 2xxxx bags, 3xxxx baby blankets, 4xxxx throws, 5xxxx stoles, 6xxxx yardage, 7xxxx cravats, 8xxxx ready-to-wear, and 9xxxx is linens. The date can be determined by the second and third digits. If the number is 35476, the baby blanket was designed in 1954. The last digit identifies the number within that product line, i.e. the baby blanket was 76th in that 1954 line. Experimentals in the collection incorporate a letter as the second digit, for example, 3D59. This can be confusing as experimentals through to 1938, x0xx, have a '0' in the second digit.

The second largest series is the Year-Box Series, which is arranged chronologically by year and there under by box number. The format is like 1932-5. The sequence of boxes within a specific year generally reflects the style numbering sequence, i.e. the scarves (1xxx) will be in the earlier boxes and the cravat yardage (7xxx) will be in the latter boxes of any given year.
In each series, there are boxes labeled as "Outside Purchases" and "Unidentified" objects. Materials of a particular product type, for example, outside purchased scarves, are grouped under the 1xxxxs series of scarves.

Outside Purchases refer to items not made by Churchill Weavers, but were acquired because of their similarity or "potential applicability to Churchill lines." Unidentified items are items that Ms. Daley could not find style numbers for during her archival project.
People Bellando, Lila
Bellando, Richard
Churchill, David Carroll
Churchill, Eleanor Franzen
Subjects Neckties
Neckwear
Table decorations
Table settings & decorations
Tablecloths
Tables
Textile art
Textile industry
Textiles
Weaving
Search Terms Appalachian Region
Berea (Ky.)
Churchill Weavers
Madison County (Ky.)
Textiles
Containers Necktie
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Runner, Table
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Napkin
Runner, Table
Placemat
Napkin
Napkin
Napkin
Napkin
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Placemat
Sample, Material
Napkin
Napkin
Napkin
Placemat
Napkin