Library Catalog - Kentucky Historical Society

Archive Record

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Collection Churchill Weavers Collection
Catalog Number 2007.45.Box 31-2267
Object Name Placemat
Creator Fireside Industries
Other Creators Arrow Craft Shop, Pennsylvania Working Home for Blind Men, Penland Weavers and Potters Appalachian School
Date ca. 1935
Scope & Content Box 31-2267 contains 24 textiles, including 8 placemats, 6 table runners, 1 table scarf, 1 cushion cover, 1 potholder, 2 napkins, 4 hand towels, and 1 sales sample. These are outside purchase not made by Churchill Weavers. 1 weaving sampler from Arrow Craft Shop of Gatlinburg, TN is in a plain weave of wool yarns with rose path stripes. 3 hand towels, 1 placemat and 1 runner are made by Fireside Industries of Berea College (KY) and are in plain weaves of linen yarns; one towel is decorated with a dogwood flower embroidery and three pieces have monk's belt stripes. 1 runner and 1 towel are made by Pennsylvania Working Home for Blind Men. 1 rib weave potholder is made by Penland Weavers and Potters Appalachian School. All other pieces in this box are of unknown maker: 1 table scarf is in a diamond twill weave of wool yarns. 1 placemat is in a twill weave with a Bachelor's Button pattern of cotton yarns. 1 placemat is in a rib weave structure of white cotton yarns. 1 table runner and 5 placemats are in an overshot weave structure with a Bachelor's Button motif, all of white and moss green cotton yarns. 2 napkins are in a plain weave structure of white linen yarns with a windowpane check in blue-green with yellow on one and the other in yellow with blue. 1 table runner is in a wavy twill weave structure of white cotton warp yarns and weft stripes of white, blue, and dark green. 1 table runner is in a novelty twill weave structure with a Snowball pattern, all of cotton warp and linen wefts. 1 cushion cover is in a twill block weave structure of cotton warp and linen wefts. 1 table runner is in a monk's belt weave structure of linen warps and cotton wefts.
System of arrangement The Sample Collection is organized into various 'series.' The term series may have been applied to this collection when Churchill Weavers hired an archivist in 2002 to process its archive. A copy of the Guide to the Weaving Archive produced by Virginia Daley, project archivist, accompanies the collection. This guide indicates that the bulk of the textile samples are arranged into the following series: Year-Box Series, Cloth Number Series, Early Style Number Series and Master Sample Series. The original arrangement of the boxes was kept during the processing of the weaving samples at the Kentucky Historical Society. The original Churchill Weavers numbers are written on the box labels along with the new box numbers.

The Cloth Number Series was the earliest form of numbering weaving fabrics. Woven fabrics were assigned cloth numbers regardless of the final product (yardage, throws, scarves, etc.) In the early cloth number scheme, different cloth numbers would be assigned to exact fabric that different only in color. Later, single cloth numbers reflect not only a wide range of variant patterns and colors but also variations in the weave caused by different yarns. These Cloth Numbers run from 1 up to 399. The cloth/style number scheme runs from about 400 to 999. These early style numbers reflect a number assigned to a final product and often refer to the cloth number as the type of fabric used.

Around 1933 Churchill Weavers started a coded style number scheme to indicate the type of product, the year created, and the number of products in that line. The coded system is the primary organizing principle behind the Master Sample Series. Churchill Weavers began with four digit style numbers and then later incorporated five digits to clarify the dating on items produced. The first digit in the style number identifies the type of product, 1xxxx refers to scarves, 2xxxx bags, 3xxxx baby blankets, 4xxxx throws, 5xxxx stoles, 6xxxx yardage, 7xxxx cravats, 8xxxx ready-to-wear, and 9xxxx is linens. The date can be determined by the second and third digits. If the number is 35476, the baby blanket was designed in 1954. The last digit identifies the number within that product line, i.e. the baby blanket was 76th in that 1954 line. Experimentals in the collection incorporate a letter as the second digit, for example, 3D59. This can be confusing as experimentals through to 1938, x0xx, have a '0' in the second digit.

The second largest series is the Year-Box Series, which is arranged chronologically by year and there under by box number. The format is like 1932-5. The sequence of boxes within a specific year generally reflects the style numbering sequence, i.e. the scarves (1xxx) will be in the earlier boxes and the cravat yardage (7xxx) will be in the latter boxes of any given year.
In each series, there are boxes labeled as "Outside Purchases" and "Unidentified" objects. Materials of a particular product type, for example, outside purchased scarves, are grouped under the 1xxxxs series of scarves.

Outside Purchases refer to items not made by Churchill Weavers, but were acquired because of their similarity or "potential applicability to Churchill lines." Unidentified items are items that Ms. Daley could not find style numbers for during her archival project.
People Bellando, Lila
Bellando, Richard
Churchill, David Carroll
Churchill, Eleanor Franzen
Subjects Table decorations
Table settings & decorations
Tables
Textile art
Textile industry
Textiles
Weaving
Search Terms Appalachian Region
Berea (Ky.)
Churchill Weavers
Madison County (Ky.)
Textiles
Containers Runner, Table
Sample, Sales
Towel, Hand
Towel, Hand
Towel, Hand
Placemat
Runner, Table
Runner, Table
Towel, Hand
Potholder
Scarf, Table
Placemat
Placemat
Runner, Table
Placemat
Napkin
Runner, Table
Runner, Table
Cover, Chair Seat