Library Catalog - Kentucky Historical Society

Archive Record

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Collection Churchill Weavers Collection
Catalog Number 2007.45.Box 31-946
Object Name Poncho
Other number 16908-17012
Creator Churchill Weavers
Other Creators Churchill Weavers staff
Date 1969-1973
Scope & Content Box 31-946 contains 2 ponchos, 6 sales samples, 5 yarn cards, and 2 scarves. The style numbers represented by the textiles in this box are 16908, 16909, 17010, 17011, and 17012. There is one sales sample per style with multiple swatches that show varying pattern colors. Weaves and patterns are twill and plain weave of stripes, solid colors, and checkered squares. The descriptions are the following:

One poncho and two sales samples ARE in style 16908. These textiles are woven in a possible bird's eye twill variant. The poncho represents pattern 34 and the swatches show patterns colors 1, 5, 6, 22, 34, and 65.

There is one poncho and four yarn cards of poncho yarns in style 16909. The poncho is woven in a combination basket weave and leno weave of golden and yellow-orange yarns. The yarn cards represent the varying pattern colors that this poncho came in. The pattern numbers are 5, 8, 14, 15, 18, 22, 26, 34, 67, 71, and 85.

One scarf and three sales samples are in style 17010. These textiles are woven in basket weave structures. The swatches in the sales sample have patterns of large checkered squares. They represent pattern numbers 8, 15, 17, 27, 32, 35, 40, 42, 49, 52, 56, and 71. The scarf has a pattern of four lengthwise stripes and seven color changes in the width.

One scarf and one yarn card are samples of style 17011. The scarf is woven in a large houndstooth pattern of yellow and orange yarns. The yarn cards show the pairing of varying pattern colors. The pattern numbers are 8, 9, 21, 42, 52, 69, and 85.

One sales sample is in style 17012. The swatches are woven in herringbone twill weave structures and feature stripes of varying colors that intersect to create a plaid effect. The pattern numbers are 4, 5, 6, 8, 22, and 62.
System of arrangement The Sample Collection is organized into various 'series.' The term series may have been applied to this collection when Churchill Weavers hired an archivist in 2002 to process its archive. A copy of the Guide to the Weaving Archive produced by Virginia Daley, project archivist, accompanies the collection. This guide indicates that the bulk of the textile samples are arranged into the following series: Year-Box Series, Cloth Number Series, Early Style Number Series and Master Sample Series. The original arrangement of the boxes was kept during the processing of the weaving samples at the Kentucky Historical Society. The original Churchill Weavers numbers are written on the box labels along with the new box numbers.

The Cloth Number Series was the earliest form of numbering weaving fabrics. Woven fabrics were assigned cloth numbers regardless of the final product (yardage, throws, scarves, etc.) In the early cloth number scheme, different cloth numbers would be assigned to exact fabric that different only in color. Later, single cloth numbers reflect not only a wide range of variant patterns and colors but also variations in the weave caused by different yarns. These Cloth Numbers run from 1 up to 399. The cloth/style number scheme runs from about 400 to 999. These early style numbers reflect a number assigned to a final product and often refer to the cloth number as the type of fabric used.

Around 1933 Churchill Weavers started a coded style number scheme to indicate the type of product, the year created, and the number of products in that line. The coded system is the primary organizing principle behind the Master Sample Series. Churchill Weavers began with four digit style numbers and then later incorporated five digits to clarify the dating on items produced. The first digit in the style number identifies the type of product, 1xxxx refers to scarves, 2xxxx bags, 3xxxx baby blankets, 4xxxx throws, 5xxxx stoles, 6xxxx yardage, 7xxxx cravats, 8xxxx ready-to-wear, and 9xxxx is linens. The date can be determined by the second and third digits. If the number is 35476, the baby blanket was designed in 1954. The last digit identifies the number within that product line, i.e. the baby blanket was 76th in that 1954 line. Experimentals in the collection incorporate a letter as the second digit, for example, 3D59. This can be confusing as experimentals through to 1938, x0xx, have a '0' in the second digit.

The second largest series is the Year-Box Series, which is arranged chronologically by year and there under by box number. The format is like 1932-5. The sequence of boxes within a specific year generally reflects the style numbering sequence, i.e. the scarves (1xxx) will be in the earlier boxes and the cravat yardage (7xxx) will be in the latter boxes of any given year.
In each series, there are boxes labeled as "Outside Purchases" and "Unidentified" objects. Materials of a particular product type, for example, outside purchased scarves, are grouped under the 1xxxxs series of scarves.

Outside Purchases refer to items not made by Churchill Weavers, but were acquired because of their similarity or "potential applicability to Churchill lines." Unidentified items are items that Ms. Daley could not find style numbers for during her archival project.
Subjects Clothing & dress
Clothing industry
Neckwear industry
Textile art
Textile industry
Search Terms Appalachian Region
Berea (Ky.)
Churchill Weavers
Madison County (Ky.)
Women's clothing
Containers Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Sample, Sales
Sample, Sales
Sample, Sales
Sample, Sales
Sample, Sales