Library Catalog - Kentucky Historical Society

Archive Record

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Collection Churchill Weavers Collection
Catalog Number 2007.45.Box 31-837
Object Name Scarf, Neck
Other number 1891-1895
Creator Churchill Weavers
Other Creators Churchill Weavers staff
Date 1948-1974
Scope & Content Box 31-837 contains 29 textile samples: 4 scarves, 12 sales sample swatch books, and 13 yarn cards. The style numbers are 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, and 1895. The textiles are woven with wool in varying weave structures. One scarf and three sales samples are in style 1891. The weave structure is a loose variation of a queen's cord weave. The color pattern consists of white warp yarn and solid weft colors that vary. The pattern numbers are 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 85, and 90. One scarf and two sales samples are in style 1892. The weave structure is balanced twill. The color pattern consists of thin stripes along the warp and large bands of color in the weft. The colors vary. The pattern numbers are 1, 4, 5, 12, and 85. Three sales sample swatch books and thirteen yarn cards are identified as style 1893. The samples are woven in loose plain weave. The pattern consists of stripes that vary in size and color in the weft. The yarn cards have samples of wool yarn with pattern numbers and color names. One scarf and two sales samples are in style 1894. The weave structure is balanced twill. The color pattern consists of stripes in the warp and weft that intersect to create a plaid pattern. The stripes vary in size and color. The pattern numbers are 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. One scarf and two sales samples are in style 1895. The weave structure is plain weave. The color pattern consists of stripes in the warp and weft which intersect to create small checkered squares. The colors vary. The pattern numbers are 1, 5, 9, 10, 14, and 85. The items have various identifying tags, included stapled and pinned paper tags, self-clip tags, white circular stickers, attached cardboard pieces, and fabric labels.
System of arrangement The Sample Collection is organized into various 'series.' The term series may have been applied to this collection when Churchill Weavers hired an archivist in 2002 to process its archive. A copy of the Guide to the Weaving Archive produced by Virginia Daley, project archivist, accompanies the collection. This guide indicates that the bulk of the textile samples are arranged into the following series: Year-Box Series, Cloth Number Series, Early Style Number Series and Master Sample Series. The original arrangement of the boxes was kept during the processing of the weaving samples at the Kentucky Historical Society. The original Churchill Weavers numbers are written on the box labels along with the new box numbers.

The Cloth Number Series was the earliest form of numbering weaving fabrics. Woven fabrics were assigned cloth numbers regardless of the final product (yardage, throws, scarves, etc.) In the early cloth number scheme, different cloth numbers would be assigned to exact fabric that different only in color. Later, single cloth numbers reflect not only a wide range of variant patterns and colors but also variations in the weave caused by different yarns. These Cloth Numbers run from 1 up to 399. The cloth/style number scheme runs from about 400 to 999. These early style numbers reflect a number assigned to a final product and often refer to the cloth number as the type of fabric used.

Around 1933 Churchill Weavers started a coded style number scheme to indicate the type of product, the year created, and the number of products in that line. The coded system is the primary organizing principle behind the Master Sample Series. Churchill Weavers began with four digit style numbers and then later incorporated five digits to clarify the dating on items produced. The first digit in the style number identifies the type of product, 1xxxx refers to scarves, 2xxxx bags, 3xxxx baby blankets, 4xxxx throws, 5xxxx stoles, 6xxxx yardage, 7xxxx cravats, 8xxxx ready-to-wear, and 9xxxx is linens. The date can be determined by the second and third digits. If the number is 35476, the baby blanket was designed in 1954. The last digit identifies the number within that product line, i.e. the baby blanket was 76th in that 1954 line. Experimentals in the collection incorporate a letter as the second digit, for example, 3D59. This can be confusing as experimentals through to 1938, x0xx, have a '0' in the second digit.

The second largest series is the Year-Box Series, which is arranged chronologically by year and there under by box number. The format is like 1932-5. The sequence of boxes within a specific year generally reflects the style numbering sequence, i.e. the scarves (1xxx) will be in the earlier boxes and the cravat yardage (7xxx) will be in the latter boxes of any given year.
In each series, there are boxes labeled as "Outside Purchases" and "Unidentified" objects. Materials of a particular product type, for example, outside purchased scarves, are grouped under the 1xxxxs series of scarves.

Outside Purchases refer to items not made by Churchill Weavers, but were acquired because of their similarity or "potential applicability to Churchill lines." Unidentified items are items that Ms. Daley could not find style numbers for during her archival project.
People Bellando, Lila
Bellando, Richard
Churchill, David Carroll
Churchill, Eleanor Franzen
Subjects Clothing & dress
Clothing industry
Neckwear
Neckwear industry
Scarves
Textile art
Textile industry
Textiles
Weaving
Search Terms Appalachian Region
Berea (Ky.)
Churchill Weavers
Madison County (Ky.)
Scarves
Containers Scarf
Sample, Sales
Muffler
Sample, Sales
Sample, Sales
Card, Sample
Scarf
Sample, Sales
Scarf
Sample, Sales
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample
Card, Sample