|Title||Plaster plaque, "Richard Henderson"|
|Creator||Honig, George H.|
|Dimensions||H-16.75 W-11.25 inches|
|Description||This is a plaque that is a plaster cast of Richard Henderson. It is a bust view of him with curled and braided wig and a high collared shirt. In relief on the plaque is "Colonel / Richard Henderson / 1735-1785." There are two metal hooks at the top.|
Richard Henderson (1735-1785) was born in Virginia. He sent Daniel Boone to investigate the Kentucky country in 1764. He retired form his North Carolina superior court judgeship in 1773, and organized the Transylvania Company in January of 1775. He hoped to purchase Kentucky form the Cherokee Indians, which he accomplished at the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals on March 19, 1775, for the sum of 10,000 pounds sterling. Henderson immediately sent Boone and 28 ax-men to blaze the Wilderness Trail and build a settlement of Boonesborough on the Kentucky River. Henderson hoped to found a proprietary colony with a feudal land system governed by himself. Other early settlements such as Harrodsburg, however denied the legality of Henderson's private treaty with the Cherokees. The outbreak of the Revolution and opposition form Virginia and North Carolina during and after the Revolutionary war foiled Henderson's grand scheme of a 14th colony.
Henderson and Henderson County, Kentucky, are named for the colonel.
|Physical Holder||Kentucky Historical Society - KHS|