|Dimensions||H-9.125 W-5.75 inches|
This is a printed advertisement for The Mammoth Steam Power Billiard Table Manufactory of America. It is printed with black ink on yellow paper, and it is a page torn from the Cincinnati Directory. The header of the page reads, "Cincinnati Directory. iii." Below the title of the advertisement, there is an image two young women and two men playing billiards. Below the graphic, it says, "J.M. BRUNSWICK & BRO., PROPRIETERS, Factory. North-East Corner of Elm and Canal Streets. Office and Warerooms, No. 8 West Sixth St., CINCINNIATI, - - - - OHIO." At the bottom of the ad, there are three small paragraphs that list the credentials, awards, and other information regarding the business and the billiards tables.
On the back of the page, there are two more advertisements. The header of the page reads, "iv, Cincinnati Directory." The advertisement comprising the top half of the page is for the Brighton House and Summer Garden, and there is an image of the building with horses in front of the building as well as a horse with a wagon to the right. Below the image, it says, "W. GARRISON, Proprietor, Head of Central Avenue, - - - CINCINNATI, O." The advertisement below is for Ornamental Iron Works, and there is a graphic of an ornate iron fence. Below the image, it says, "M CLEMENTS, MANUFACTURER OF IRON FAILINGS, VERANDAHS, JAIL CELLS, Bank Vault, Doors, &c., No. 447 West Sixth Street, Near Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad Depot."
John Moses Brunswick (1819 - 1886) was the father of the bowling and billiard manufacturing. Born in Switzerland, he immigrated to the United States in 1834. After working in New York and Philadelphia, where he apprenticed a carriage maker, he moved to Cincinnati with his family. There, he established the Cincinnati Carriage Making Company in 1845. The same year, Bruswick built his first billiards. In 1848, he opened a Chicago office and started working with his half-brothers in Switzerland to increase his international presence. Brunswick's ornate billiards tables were popular and his name became familiar. In 1890, Moses Bensinger, son-in-law of John Brunswick and Brunswick president, found another new market for Brunswick: bowling. Bensinger realized that there was a need to bring organization and products to a disorderly sport. Brunswick began making pins, wooden lanes, and bowling balls. Brunwick's name is still synonymous with bowling and billiard manufacturing to this day.
"An act imposing a tax upon billiard tables" was approved in Kentucky on February 9, 1858. The act gave the county courts the power to grant licenses for billiard tables located outside incorporated cities and towns. The license fee was set at one hundred dollars. The clerks of the counties were obligated to account for moneys received which would be "carried to the credit of the Sinking Fund of the State of Kentucky." The proprietors of establishments licensed to have billiard tables faced loss of license if they permitted betting on games, sold liquor in the rooms where the tables were located, or permitted games on Sunday.
The ironwork of Cincinnati's City Hall was by M. Clements, a Cincinnati iron works firm. The cornerstone for this building was laid on August 16, 1888, and City Hall was dedicated on On May 13, 1893.
|Collection||KHS Museum Collection|
Billiard table industry
|Physical Holder||Kentucky Historical Society - KHS|